The PhD defense of Taeyoung Kim (PhD student in SNU under supervision of Prof. Jeyong Yoon) is scheduled for 28 October 2014. The title of thesis is ‘Desalination performance and mechanism of carbon electrodes with respect to physicochemical and electrochemical properties in capacitive deionization’. After graduation, Taeyoung is going to keep working on research in various fields, thus looking for a postdoctoral position worldwide.
This year, Yoon’s group in Seoul National University, Republic of Korea, has published three papers on CDI.
Hierarchically porous carbon was synthesized and used as a CDI electrode in collaboration with Prof. Park’s group (Carbon Nanomaterials Design Lab., SNU) (Yang et al., Carbon 71 (2014) 294-302). In this paper, a novel carbon material derived from metal organic framework (MOF) was prepared and its pore structure was characterized. Unique pore structure of MOF-derived carbon (MDC) consisting of micro-, meso-, and macropores allowed for a rapid and considerable amount of desalination compared to activated carbon (microporous carbon) and carbon aerogel (meso- and macroporous carbon). Thus, this paper has successfully elucidated the role of each pore size in CDI.
In the next paper, a new method to evaluate rate capability of CDI electrodes was proposed using a potential sweep method (Kim et al., Electrochimica Acta 139 (2014) 374-380). Potential sweep method can enable sweeping of potential in various rates, thus resulting desalination performance can be an indicator for rate capability. As a result, electrode thickness, flow rate, and salt concentration were found to parameters affecting rate capability, which is in good agreement with previous CDI papers.
Recently, constant voltage and constant current operations were compared focusing on salt adsorption capacity and energy consumption (Kang et al., Desalination (2014) accepted). Results said that constant current operation is advantageous in terms of energy consumption because of its low voltage profile.
Korean CDI research network has been established (Prof. Jeyong Yoon as chairman). Various research groups with different disciplines joined the network including Hyundai Heavy Industries (Yong-Shin So, in charge of general affairs), Korean Institute of Energy Research (KIER), and SionTech.
As a review of the 2014 IAP CDI symposium, we have compiled a picture book featuring the presenting authors - you can find here. If you want your picture added or removed, please send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Recently, CDI is gaining increased scientific interest. Both the amount of publications and citations related to CDI increased considerably since 2006.
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